Tuesday, August 27, 2019

Alabama History & Culture News: August 27 edition

For a number of years I've been posting links to just-published Alabama history and culture articles in the "alabamahistory" group at Yahoo!Groups. Most of the articles are from newspapers, with others from magazines and TV and radio websites. You can subscribe to the emails there if you wish; I send out two or three a week along with relevant meeting announcements and so forth. 

Here's the latest batch:

Tuscaloosa, a POW Prison. The Confederates captured so many Union soldiers during the first battles that the Secretary of War told Alabama's ...

2 schools selected Alabama 200 Bicentennial "Schools of Excellence"
Kilby Director Eric Kirkman credited his staff for "doing a tremendous job exposing our students to the wonderful rick Alabama history that exists right ...

On this day in Alabama history: Amelia Boynton Robinson died
A native of Savannah, Georgia, Robinson later moved to Alabama and with her husband became active in voting rights and other causes in Selma ...

Mobile Botanical Gardens set to close in September
history of MBG, written by Maarten Van Der Giessen, follows this fact ...

Alabama's National Memorial For Peace And Justice And Legacy Museum Wins Tourism Award
The horrific history of lynchings in America is front and center. Stone tablets with thousands of victims are showcased. Soil samples from lynching sites ...

On this day in Alabama history: Popular author died
Francis Bartow Lloyd is remembered for “Sketches of Country Life: Humor, Wisdom and Pathos from the Sage of Rocky Creek,” a collection of his ...

Enon Baptist Church, Danville, holds 200th anniversary celebration
Jerry Armor presented a certificate from the Alabama Baptist Historical Commission. Robert Smith, associational missions director for Muscle Shoals ...

Phillip Tutor: White Plains students, teachers discover grave of principal's ancestor at historic ...
It sits on private property, behind a locked gate and at the end of a winding incline adjacent to Bert's Lake, an old fishing spot not far from Alabama 9.

Former Selma Business Owner Achieves Dreams of Writing Book
Her debut children's book, "The Magic Wishing Rock" tells the story of a little girl, Bella and her dog, Walker, as they find a magic wishing rock and ...

TUSCALOOSA 200 MOMENT IN HISTORY: John B. Read, Surgeon and Inventor
John B. Read, Surgeon and Inventor. John Read wore many hats: physician, pharmacist, and most notably surgeon for the University of Alabama ...

Women outnumber men for first time in first-year class at UA law school
Women make up the majority of The University of Alabama School of Law's incoming class for the first time in the school's history. The school accepted ...

On this day in Alabama history: Musician Oteil Burbridge was born
Oteil Burbridge was born in Washington, D.C., on this day in 1964. At 14, he began learning to play the bass guitar, having grown up listening to his ...

Tap your toes for the sixth annual Alabama Women in Jazz Festival
There will be special appearances by Miss Alabama, Tiara Pennington, and Dr. Debbie Sue Esslinger, historical scholar and host of live performances ...

Alabama events mark 1619 slavery anniversary
The Alabama Historical Commission said the bell will ring at the Alabama Capitol at 2 p.m. Sunday as bells ring across the nation at that time.

George Wallace Jr.: Centennial reflection on the parallel journeys of my father and the state he ...
... history on that hot June day. James Hood invited my father to attend his graduation when he received his doctorate from the University of Alabama, ...

Alabama Voices: State plays a huge part in aviation development
With every Army and Air Force rotary wing aviator trained there, Alabama ... Let's be proud of Alabama'simpressive history in aviation programs, but ...

Africatown ceremony part of national 1619 commemoration
Their forced labor helped establish the historic Jamestown settlement. ... Flen said in a release distributed by the Alabama Historical Commission.

Alabama Sports Officials Hall of Fame to induct inaugural class
RONNIE BAYNES — Talladega High School alum who was one of the last four-sport lettermen in Auburn history. After playing for the Dallas Cowboys, ...

The Mighty Wurlitzer Returns to its Roots at Sidewalk
Visit the Alabama Theatre in downtown Birmingham, face the stage and you ... in restaurants or private homes — a blip in musical instrument history.

On this day in Alabama history: Key court ruling celebrated
Lee v. Macon County Board of Education sought the integration of the all-white Tuskegee High School. The 1963 lawsuit was later expanded to ...

On this day in Alabama history: Pioneering doctor died
Dr. Alfred “Freddy” Habeeb was born in 1911 in Bishmizzine, Lebanon. His family came to the United States when he was a boy, settling in Vicksburg, ...

Shiloh Baptist Church celebrates bicentennial anniversary
Jerry Armor presented a certificate from the Alabama Baptist Historical Commission, and state representative Scott Stadthagen presented a resolution ...

Slaves arrived in America, and Alabama, years before 1619
Conceived by the Equal Justice Initiative, the physical environment is intended to foster reflection on America's history of racial inequality. (Photo by ...

Traveling Bicentennial exhibit comes to Luverne
The Luverne Bicentennial Committee received a grant from the Alabama ... to visit the exhibit to enjoy the interactive tour of the state's history.

$20000 awarded to Main Street for downtown alleyway project
“As a Main Street Alabama designated community, we are able to utilize the ... An existing 90-foot historic timeline mural was the first phase of the project and ... Main Street Wetumpka is one of 23 designated Main Street Alabama ...

Sidewalk 2019: Look for these works from Alabama artists at the film festival
Learn more about the Alabama-connected movies you can see at Sidewalk this weekend below (with information on the films from the festival schedule). ..... Pie in the Puss: A Brief History of Pieing in Film, directed by Stacey Davis: ...

With memoir 'Blood,' Alabama singer-songwriter Allison Moorer diving deep into family tragedy
In superficial detail, at least, that dark family history was told over and over from the outside as Moorer and her sister, Shelby Lynne, began careers in ...

Historian to host tour of historic Byler Road
He explained that Byler Road was the first roadway authorized by Alabama after it attained statehood in Dec. 1819, and that the privately-funded road ...

What did Alabama's landscapes look like in 1819? Hint: think Kansas with prairies and bamboo.
What did Alabama's natural landscapes look like in 1819, the year it was accepted into ... What is being done to restore Alabama's lost landscapes? ... touch the ground has been propagated time and time again in our history books.

Jack Daniel's releasing special whiskey forAlabama Bicentennial
“We at Jack Daniel's have a history of working closely with our neighboring state of Alabama on the production of our Tennessee Whiskey, most ...

A Perfect Summer Book, 'Late Migrations' Reminds Us Of Life's Beauty And Fragility
Renkl, however, grew up in Alabama and now lives in Tennessee, so her ... Late Migrations is, to my mind, a perfect book to read in the summer.

Books-A-Million Welcomes Daniel Wallace for Author Event, September 22
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--. Book reading and signing with “Big Fish” author to support programs of the Alabama Writers' Forum.
Book on Alabama's path from territory to statehood to be released Oct. 1
Learn more about Alabama's journey toward becoming a state in 1819 in AlabamaHeritage Magazine's NewSouth Books' Oct. 1 release titled ...

Alabama Legacy Moment: ED Nixon
Alabama Public Television is producing a series of videos titled “Alabama Legacy Moments” that offer a quick history of the people, places and stories ...

On this day in Alabama history: Strikeout record set
Birmingham Black Barons pitcher Alvin Gipson struck out 20 Philadelphia Stars batters on Aug. 21, 1943, establishing a Negro American League ...

Serve a meal inspired by Alabama's 200-year history
Alabama has a rich food history—from agriculture to fishing to treasured heirloom recipes. As Alabamacelebrates its bicentennial this year, we looked ..

Monday, August 26, 2019

Dad in the U.S. Navy 1946-1948

My father Amos J. Wright, Jr. [August 26, 1926-July 31, 2003] spent just under two years in the U.S. Navy soon after the end of World War II. His tour sent him to the south Pacific on a small cargo vessel that sailed among a number of tiny  islands bringing provisions to U.S. personnel still on duty there. 

In this post I let dad tell the story of that period via some journal entries he wrote years later and photos from the time. I've done some other posts about him on this blog. One shared photographs from his time at Auburn which was divided by his Navy years. He graduated in 1950. In another I looked at his work as a very active and longtime member of the Alabama Archaeological Society. Those efforts led to the publication of several articles and two books related to Native Americans in the state.

You can see other navy photographs of dad, a group portrait of his basic 
engineering class at the Great Lakes Naval Station and a listing of the first crew 
of the USS Errol in my blog post "Dad and the USS Errol". There are a number of photographs in dad's Navy 
scrapbook I haven't used here; I'll probably do another post on the topic in the

This material is taken from a handwritten journal he wrote from October
1993 until January 1999 about events in his life. I have corrected small matters
such as misspellings, missing punctuation and apparently missing words. I have
also added some paragraph breaks and a footnote. The photos below the text are
from the scrapbook dad put together; most have information on
the back that I have included.

24 March 1997

I enlisted in the regular navy in July 1946 and was sent to Bainbridge, Maryland for boot camp. I was there for 12 weeks with no leave. Since I had one year of ROTC at Auburn they made me a company commander which afforded me a few perks.

When I finished boot camp I was given a 10 day leave in late October and went home. I went to Auburn and spent a couple of days there. I returned (all by train) to Bainbridge where they shipped me out to fireman's school at Great Lakes, Illinois. I was there all winter. We (our squad of 6) would fall out before daybreak and march a mile in the snow to chow. We had leave, and I went to Chicago and Milwaukee every week-end. 

I met a girl at a skating rink and dated her the remaining time I was there. I graduated in March 1947 and was sent (by train) to San Diego. I was given a 10 day leave en route which was through Gadsden to New Orleans on to San Diego. I spent 30 days there (never knew what for) and went over to Tijuana on weekends. About 1 May they sent me to San Francisco where I stayed on Treasure Island in the bay for about 30 days before they loaded us on one of the troop ships (a former Presidents line) where we went to Hawaii and stayed there several days with shore leave. 

Then we went to Wake Island and on to Guam taking about 2 weeks. At Guam I was assigned to the USS Errol AG 133. It was a small (175') cargo ship that was brought in from the Philippines for refurbishing. We spent about two months getting her sea worthy. About 1 July 1947 to 1 July 1948 we took 3 week trips to Saipan, Tinian, Truk, Ponape, Ulithi and other islands carrying frozen cargo to navy personnel on these islands. We had large walk-in reefers (freezers) in the hold which had to be checked every hour. This was my job when I was on watch which we stood 4 hours on and 4 hours off when under way. 

We also carried natives and their goods between the islands as they had no other transportation. Sometimes the deck would be covered with men, women and children where they ate and slept. One trip we carried the coffin of a high ranking princess, and when I went down in the hold to check the reefers I had to walk right by her casket which was made out of wicker kind of like a large basket. It smelled like a fir tree. The ship would moan and groan and I was scared out of my wits every time I had to go down there.

The reefers would have frozen strawberries and other goodies destined for officers' clubs, and we would carefully open one end of a carton and pilfer a few packages sealing up the carton where no one would notice. We had to serve a month as mess cook (assisting the cook in cooking, preparation and cleaning up).

We only had a crew of 13 , a Lt. (captain), a warrant officer (second in command), 3 chiefs and 8 white hats. We were authorized to hire natives to travel with us. We had about 6 who lived on the deck but ate with us. They were good workers. One of them I became good friends with--Ackuous. He was from Truk and was the one who got  me the Japanese 25 cal. rifle that I sent home. I wrapped it in asbestos tape with the bolt on the stock. I went to the navy P.O. and mailed it home. Mother told me when she picked it up at the P.O. in Gadsden they told her I could not ship a gun in the mail like that--it was against regulations. It's a miracle it even got there travelling 10,000 miles.

20 April 1997

In early 1948 we sailed from Guam on one of our supply trips to Ponape [1] in the Caroline Islands. We anchored in the bay there and were not allowed to go ashore. These were about three week trips. We anchored in sight of Ponape and a smaller island nearby. We could see a small dock on the smaller island and watched as small boats went over each day from Ponape carrying supplies to a leper colony on the island. The supplies would be unloaded on the end of the dock, and the boat left. Then the lepers would come out on the dock and get the supplies. We were so far away we could only tell that it was people.

We would go swimming here off the ship. Someone had to stand guard on the bridge of the ship with a carbine to ward off any sharks but we never had any trouble. 

On our return trip one night I was asleep and was suddenly jolted from my bunk. I knew we had collided with something. I ran up the ladder and came out of a hatch to the deck. I was still holding the sides of the hatch when a great gust of water swept down the deck. Alarms were going off and flood lights on. 

I ran forward on the deck and saw we had run aground on a reef. They reversed the engines and tried to back off but to no avail. Our radio operator sent out an SOS and the first station to reply was Hawaii--thousands of miles away. We had to wait 2 or 3 days for a seagoing tug to come from Guam. He hooked on and pulled us off. We had ballast space under the ship and the second hull was not crushed. The tug escorted us back to Guam.

Our Captain who was an old navy man about ready for retirement was court martialed and relieved of command of any ship. We white hats never knew what really happened, but we heard that the log showed a disagreement between the Captain and first officer on what the course should be.

We went into dry dock [at Guam] and remained there about four months while the ship was repaired. During this time the ship was given a complete overhaul--engines rebuilt, hull scrapped and painted, etc. While we were there we were hit by a typhoon. All ships went to sea to ride her out but of course we stayed in the dry dock it being so large that we had no problem. After the typhoon passed the coconut trees looked like telephone poles--being stripped of all foliage.

Just a few weeks after we got out of dry dock I was shipped back to San Francisco at Treasure Island for discharge. I was there for about 2 weeks being processed. We weren't required to work and had liberty on the weekend. One Saturday morning I was in line checking out to go on leave, and a Chief Petty officer came up and collected all our passes. They put us on a bus and took us to San Francisco where we had to march in a St. Patrick's Day parade up Market Street. It was after noon before we got our passes back. 

1. Panope is now known as Pohnpei. Another former name was Ascension Island. Panope was under Japanese control during World War II; about 2000 troops were stationed there. The island was shelled several times by American battleships including the USS Alabama. The Wikipedia article on Pohnpei notes,
On April 1, 1865, the CSS Shenandoah surprised four United States whalers at Ascension Island (Pohnpei) and destroyed them all. The local king, Nananierikie, was delighted to receive much of the spoils from this action.[19]"


Dad's description of his Navy time ends here. In one of the small notebooks
where she kept diary-like entries, household expenses and such, Rosa Mae
Wright also wrote about her son's navy experiences and gave a few more details.

"A.J. Wright enlisted in the U.S. Navy July 20, 1946 at Birmingham Ala. Left for
Bainbridge Md. Stayed there 3 months then was sent to Great Lakes training
school in Illinois. Had to report in San Diego Calif on March 1, 1947 then sailed
on the U.S.S. Gen. Anderson for Guam on March 20. Arrived in Pearl Harbor
March 25. Left Pearl Harbor March 28 for Wake Island. Arrived there April 2.
Then on to Guam April 7 has been assigned to the U.S.S. Errol. Left
Guam July 26, 47 for Saipan [sp] and Rota Islands Returned to Guam July
31, 1947. Entered 103 Hospital on Guam M.i. on August 5, 1947. Got home
July 10th, 1948, Met him in Bham at 8:15 o'clock pm."

Dad doesn't mentioned a hospital stay, so I'm not sure what my grandmother
means by that reference. Dad had a lifelong aversion to hospitals and illness,, so maybe he didn't want to remember the details.

Below are photos and further comments.

On leave in Gadsden

In Washington, D.C.

Dad wrote on the back of this one, "Long 'n' short of it. Turkey Day 11/28/46". This photo would have been taken during his training at Great Lakes. The other man is unidentified.

I presume this young lady is the "girl" he met at a skating rink and dated while he was at Great Lakes

At sea in the South Pacific in October 1947. This photo is the only evidence we have that dad ever wore a beard.

Another shot at Fox Lake

In dry dock at Guam

Dad and his friend Ackuous

USS Errol 

Lau Yee Chai was one of the most notable restaurants in Honolulu before, during and for some years after World War II. You can read about it and see photos here. Dad is on the left in the photo below; I presume they are waiting to enjoy some food.

USS Errol in Saipan December 1947

The deck of the USS Errol in Guam February 1948

The crew on Truk Island 1947

The Captain on Truk Christmas Eve 1947. This would have been the first captain Lieutenant Russell Quartus June, who served until September 14, 1948.

A beer party on Guam May 1948

Engine room November 1947

Control stacks November 1947

The USS Errol at Koror October 1947

Dad's Notice of Separation

Dad's Honorable Discharge