Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Johnny Mack Brown in "Flame of the West"

This post is another in what has become a series on this blog featuring Johnny Mack Brown. He first became known playing football at the University of Alabama where he was instrumental in the team's unexpected victory over the University of Washington in the 1926 Rose Bowl.  He returned to the west coast later that year, made his first film appearance in 1927 and built a long career in Hollywood ranging from silent films into the 1960's. He made dozens of western movies during that time.

I've posted a couple of times on this blog about Brown's movies. In a five-part series I took a deep dive into his 1928 film A Lady of Chance which was partially set in "Winthrop", Alabama. His leading lady was mega star Norma Shearer. A second item looked at Brown through the lens of a film he made, but was never released. Clark Gable replaced him in a new version.

Now it's time to examine one of those westerns. Flame of the West reached theaters on June 25, 1945, and was one of seven Brown films released that year. Here Brown plays an unusual character for western heroes--physician John Poole, who arrives in Trail Forks to set up a practice. He quickly meets Abbie Compton [Lynne Carver] who helps him unpack his office materials, and Add Youman [Raymond Hatton] who is the town's "horse doctor" but seems to spend the rest of the film as Poole's sidekick. 

Naturally, all is not well in Trail Forks. The wealthy saloon owner and his allies rule the town and are not concerned with the niceties of law and order. A group of citizens opposed to this situation, including Abbie, her father and Youman, have a meeting to decide a course of action. Poole is put on the spot, declares he'd like to wait and see what happens, and leaves. Everyone assumes he's a coward. The group decides to hire legendary lawman Tom Nightlander [Douglass Dumbrille], who just happens to be an old flame of Poppy Rand [Joan Woodbury], the madam at the saloon. 

Earlier in the film Poole tells Youman that he quit carrying his guns because he once killed the wrong man. He keeps the weapons in his medical bag and just uses them for target practice to improve his hand steadiness for surgery. We see an example in one scene when Poole is outside of town doing target practice, and Nightlander rides up on his way to accept his new post. The two engage in some friendly shooting competition and part on good terms. 

Nightlander quickly takes charge but cleaning up the town naturally creates some resistance. The saloon owner sets up a trap for Nightlander. Poppy begs him not to walk into it, and Abbie asks Poole to talk him out of it. Poole tells her he can do nothing, since Nightlander is only doing his job. 

Further comments are below many of the photos, including some about the film's conclusion. 

Being a lifelong fan of film and TV westerns, I found this one very enjoyable. Brown was no great actor, but he played this sort of role well and the 71-minute film moves at a rapid pace.

Under the credits we see a cattle herd, which we soon learn is heading to Trail Forks. 

Adele Buffington wrote screenplays in a long career that lasted from 1919 until 1958. She was also a founder of the Screen Writers Guild. She wrote many western scripts, including ten for Johnny Mack Brown's Nevada Mackenzie character that were filmed from 1943 until 1945. 

Bennett Foster [1897-1969] was a prolific author of western stories published in both slick and pulp magazines. The source for this film was "Trail Town Fever" that appeared in the February 1943 issue of Star Western. Interestingly, that issue also contains a story by even more prolific Alabama author Tom Roan, "War-Song of the Bullwhip."

Bennett Foster - Star Western  February 1943 - Trail Town Fever

Source: PulpFlakes

Most of the "unknowns" listed in the credits below Lynne Carter were busy actors for decades. Between 1932 and 1953 Tom Quinn [1903-1982] appeared in numerous small film roles, most of them uncredited. Harry Lewis Woods [1889-1968] made almost 250 films between 1923 and 1958, also in small, mostly uncredited roles usually as a villain. I didn't find Raphael Bennett on either Wikipedia or the IMDB. Riley Hill [1914-1993] made appearances in more than 70 films and a dozen television programs. Jack Ingram [1902]1969] made numerous serials and films between 1935 and 1966. Between 1927 and 1958 John Merton [1901-1969] made over 250 films, often as a villain. Jack Rockwell [1890-1947] also appeared in over 250 movies, mostly westerns.  

Pee Wee King [1914-2000] was a country music songwriter and musician [accordion, fiddle] who was born in Wisconsin. He is perhaps best remembered today as co-writer of "Tennessee Waltz." He was also an early union member in Nashville, and his band members were, too. His work introduced waltzes, polkas and cowboy songs into country. King was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1974.

Source: Ad on page 336 of Billboard 1944 Music Yearbook via Wikipedia

Lambert Hillyer [1893-1969] was a prolific screenwriter and director from 1917 until 1949. Thus he was working on this film near the end of his career. He directed such genre gems as The Invisible Ray and Dracula's Daughter, as well as the first screen appearance of Batman in a 15-part serial in 1943. Hillyer also directed many silent and sound westerns and returned to direct some episodes of the TV western The Cisco Kid in the early 1950's. 

The calm before the storm in Trail Forks in the film's first scene. 

The real action begins in the saloon, where Pete and the gang are entertaining a few afternoon patrons.

Madam Poppy Rand hired the band in Center City where she also picked up some new ladies for the saloon. She tells Pete the song they're playing sounds like it came from the undertaker.

Rand was played by Joan Woodbury [1915-1989] who made some 80 films between 1934 and 1964. Most of the titles were B-movies

After scolding the band, Poppy entertains the saloon crowd with a song of her own.

For some reason Abbie is helping Poole unpack in his new office. Perhaps it's this film's version of "meeting cute". Doc Poole's first case turns out to be delivery of a baby.

I've discussed Lynne Carver in a recent blog post about her first marriage to Birmingham dentist Ralph McClung. A Kentucky native, her film career began with several uncredited roles in 1934 and 1935 and lasted until 1948. During that time she had significant roles in A Christmas Carol, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Calling Dr. Kildare and others. She died of cancer in 1955 at age 38.

 Raymond Hatton played Add Youman the horse doctor in this film. Hatton appeared in almost 500 films and many television roles between 1908 and 1967, when he made a brief appearance as an elderly hitchhiker in In Cold Blood.

Poole is caught between the two female leads Poppy and 
Abbie here.

Halfway through the film there is a pause in the action to let King and his band entertain the saloon crowd. Each musician has a solo. 

I have been unable to identify this young lady, whose impressive yodeling is also featured in the band's number.

Poole shows Youman a few tricks with the gun he doesn't carry.

Poole is confronted at the citizens' committee meeting and does not impress the townspeople.

In the midst of all the trouble brewing in town, Nightlander and Poole have an interesting conversation. Nightlander asks him what he would do for a fella who has cancer. Poole declares he'd cut it out. Their talk doesn't go much further than that, but I guess we are to assume Nightlander has cancer. 

Nightlander was played by Douglass Dumbrille [1889-1974]. He was a Canadian actor who appeared in numerous secondary and minor roles in film and television. His first film role came in 1913, his final one in 1964. In his final television appearances he played a judge in two Perry Mason episodes in 1964 and a doctor in an episode of Batman in 1966. Dumbrille also did theatrical work early in his acting career. 

Poppy proves she has a heart of gold in this scene. A young cowboy is killed in the saloon, and she takes up a collection of $1000 for his pregnant widow. She asks Poole to give the money to the young woman, and he agrees.

A patient is being brought to Dr. Poole's office. No stretcher was available, I presume. Note the redundancy of "Dr." and "M.D." on the sign. 

Abbie and Poole are concerned about Nightlander's fate.

Poppy, who has changed from a Wild West version of the little black dress into this demure one, tries to prevent Nightlander from walking into the trap. Youman observes her technique.

Nightlander has tangled with the Bull Head saloon crowd since his arrival, and now takes an order to close them down. He is shot in the saloon and dies soon after Poole and others carry him to the doctor's office. 

After being shot, Nightlander has a few final words. 

Uh, oh, it looks like Dr. Poole will be on the payback case!

Abbie watches as the "coward" gets his gun.

Guns are blazing in the saloon where Poole takes care of business and no prisoners.

Now it's time to return to medical practice. 

Abbie apologizes for thinking he was a coward.

Once back in his office, Poole is informed by Youman that he's needed. A stagecoach has overturned and several people are injured. Abbie asks if she can go with him. He says, "Why not? You may as well get used to it."

We can assume the two got married and lived happily ever after. Or something. 

During the Golden Age of Hollywood Monogram Pictures Corporation made primarily low budget films and operated under that name from 1931 until 1953, when it became known as Allied Artists Pictures Corporation. Monogram was one of the small studios on "Poverty Row" cranking out numerous westerns, crime films comedies and adventure films during that period. You can see the massive list of Monogram/Allied Artist releases from 1931 until 1978 here

Friday, March 27, 2020

Hollywood Actress Marries Birmingham Dentist

I recently watched the 1945 film Flame of the West, one of the dozens of westerns Dothan native Johnny Mack Brown made during his long career. I'll skip any details since I plan a blog post soon about the movie. However, in addition to Brown there's another Alabama connection in this film.

One of Brown's two leading ladies is Lynne Carver. I wasn't familiar with her, so naturally I turned to Wikipedia. And what should I find but that connection.

A native of Lexington, Kentucky, Carver appeared in more than 30 movies between 1934 and 1948. She played Bess in the 1938 "A Christmas Carol" and Mary Jane in "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" the following year. She also starred as Alice Raymond in two of the Dr. Kildare series of films based on Max Brand's novels. She made several movies with Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire.

Carver's birth name was Virginia Reid Sampson. Early in her Hollywood career she briefly dated Howard Hughes. Carver died age 38 on August 12, 1955, after a long battle with cancer. At the time she was married to her third husband, theatrical agent William Mullaney. 

Lynne Carver's first husband was Birmingham dentist Ralph Clay McClung [21 April 1907-25 February 1989]. As noted below, the two met at the 1935 Rose Bowl in Los Angeles. They were married at the court house in Selma on March 31, "accompanied by a party of friends who motored down from Birmingham." The engagement and marriage were kept secret for almost two months. Carver wanted to continue her film career, and McClung planned to keep his dental practice in Birmingham. By mid-December 1936 the couple were divorced; Carver married her second husband the following year.

On I found McClung's World War II draft registration card. He registered on October 16, 1940, when he was 33 years old. The card tells us that he had a light complexion, weighed 150 pounds, had brown hair and blue eyes and stood 5'11". 

The 1940 U.S. census at the same site notes that McClung lived in a rented house on Highland Avenue, where he was also living in 1935. Four women, two of whom were his sisters, also lived in the house. His marital status? "Divorced". Alabama marriage records show that he married Dorothy Greagan Hill on August 8, 1950. The 1959 Birmingham City Director has them living at 2918 Overhill Road in Mountain Brook. His office was at 2027 First Avenue North. He is buried in Elmwood Cemetery

His son, Ralph Clay McClung, Jr., is also a dentist

Selma Times-Journal 5 May 1935


On January 1, 1935, Alabama beat Stanford 29-13 in the Rose Bowl. Presumably the pair met at this game. 


Corpus Christie Caller-Times 14 December 1936


Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Alabama History & Culture News: March 25 edition

Here's the latest batch of links to just-published Alabama history and culture articles. Most of these articles are from newspapers, with others from magazines and TV and radio station websites. Enjoy!

DON NOBLE: Must-read book has enlightening, disturbing moments
The heart of this book is the story of Walter McMillian of Monroe County, Alabama. In 1986, Stevenson, then in his late 20s, working at the Southern ...

Alabama bicentennial book spotlights black heritage
MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) - Alabama's bicentennial is over, but a new book will highlight 200 years of African American history in the state. A coffee ...

Anna Huey's New Book 'A Choice' is a Gripping Tale of a Suspenseful Plot of Murder on a Cruise ...
Anna Huey is a prolific writer from Alabama with a passion for reading, writing, spending time with animals, and baking cakes and cupcakes. She has ...

Selma Online Offers Free Civil Rights Lessons Amid Virus
... The first attempt of the historic march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, ... so 500,000 children in 33 cities could see the historical drama for free.

Zora Neale Hurston's 'Barracoon' amplifies literary culture
Not even the town he helped found in Alabama — Africatown — which was renamed Plateau. An orator of the first order, Cudjo relayed the wisdom of his ...

Eufaula Pilgrimage canceled
For the first time in its 55-year history, the Eufaula Pilgrimage, Alabama's oldest our of homes, has been canceled. The Eufaula Heritage Association ...

Documentary explores blues in West Alabama
Filmmakers set up in the historic county courthouse in Carrollton to do an interview for an upcoming documentary on Alabama's racial history and its ...

College Football Hall of Fame 'a long time coming' for EJ Junior
Bryant Museum in Tuscaloosa has made a career of documenting the history of sports at the University of Alabama, namely football. However, one ...

New Facility to House Clotilda Artifacts in Africatown
The plan for the facility was announced Tuesday (March 10) by the Alabama Historical Commission, which said the History Museum of Mobile also will ...

Historic renovation bringing new life to downtown Foley
historic building renovation in a South Alabama town is being credited with potentially bringing new life to its Main Street. The Foley Bakery ...

FORGOTTEN ALABAMA: Capturing the past to benefit the future
And, what better place for Wills' photography show than the JCA, which is chiseled in the cornerstone of Troy's downtown history. Wills was right at home ...

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Alabama Victory Ships in World War II

I seem to be doing a series on this blog about ships with names connected in some way to Alabama. This post fits that group. In previous items I've discussed the 1898 USS Alabama battleship, the USS Birmingham and early flight, the effort to save the World War II USS Alabama battleship, and the SS Selma, a concrete ship. This time let's look at Victory ships named for Alabama cities. 

During World War II various United States shipyards produced 531 ships of the Victory class, cargo ships that were an improved design over the older Liberty class. Five types were constructed across two main categories; 414 were standard cargo ships and 117 were attack transports. You can find a list of the ships here and by building shipyard here.  

Many of the Victory ships were named after U.S. cities. In my research I discovered seven vessels named after Alabama locations. As you'll see I found little information on four and more on three of them. I've included the shipyards where they were built.

SS Anniston Victory Permanente Metals, Richmond, California delivered Feb 21, 1945

SS Bessemer Victory California Shipbuilding Corporation, Los Angeles delivered Aug 30, 1945. Had some commercial service in Vietnam, remained in the National Defense Reserve Fleet and berthed on the James River in Virginia until sold in the late 1980's and finally scrapped in India in 1991

SS Dothan Victory Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, delivered Nov 7, 1945

SS Eufaula Victory Bethlehem Steel, Baltimore, delivered Dec 12, 1944

SS Selma Victory California Shipbuilding Corporation, Los Angeles, delivered July 29, 1944

USS Talladega Permanente Metals, Richmond, California, delivered Oct 31, 1944. The Talladega was the only attack transport I found among the Victory ships with Alabama connections. The vessel worked various areas of the Pacific during the war, including the Battle of Iwo Jima. Here's the details on that from the Wikipedia entry:

Talladega sortied from Saipan as a unit of Task Group 56.2, the Assault Group, on 16 February, and arrived off Iwo Jima on the morning of 19 February, "D-day".[4] Four Marines pictured in Joe Rosenthal's famous flag-raising photograph debarked from Talladega to climb Mt. Suribachi on Iwo JimaIra HayesFranklin SousleyHarlon Block, and Mike Strank.[2] After landing her troops, she remained off the beaches embarking combat casualties for six days before heading back toward Saipan.[4]

His Wikipedia entry notes this information about Hayes, a Native American:

He was the subject of an article by journalist William Bradford Huie, which was adapted for the feature film The Outsider (1961), starring Tony Curtis as Hayes. The movie inspired songwriter Peter La Farge to write "The Ballad of Ira Hayes," which became popular nationwide in 1964 after being recorded by Johnny Cash. In 2006, Hayes was portrayed by Adam Beach in the World War II movie Flags of Our Fathers, directed by Clint Eastwood.

Sousley, Block and Strank are all portrayed in the 2006 film Flags of Our Fathers. William Bradford Huie, a Hartselle native, was a well-known novelist and journalist at the time. 

The Talladega also participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars and was finally scrapped in 1982. You can find many more details and a photo gallery about her here.

The city of Talladega has honored the ship with a monument on the courthouse square.

Photo taken by Rivers Langley 27 October 2011

Source: NavSource

SS Tuskegee Victory Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, delivered June 5, 1945. The ship spent seven years in commercial service after the war, then returned to the National Defense Maritime Fleet in 1952. In 1958 she was refitted as a Bowditch class oceanographic survey ship for the Navy and rechristened the USNS Dutton. She served in that capacity until February 1980; the vessel was scrapped in September 2007.


SS Selma Victory and six other ships of the class being outfitted at the California Shipbuilding Corporation in Los Angeles in June 1944 

USS Talladega a Victory class attack transport ca. 1945

Source: Wikipedia

SS Tuskegee Victory after its conversion to the USNS Dutton

Source: Wikipedia 

Red Oak Victory in 2013, at that time the only operational vessel of the class

Source: Wikipedia